Australia’s commercial kangaroo harvest industry is one of the most sustainable wild harvest operations in the world. The AgriFutures Kangaroo Program focuses on research, development and extension (RD&E) projects that will benefit the industry. Priorities include ensuring the fullest use of this sustainable resource and recognition from the Australian public that the industry provides an essential and valuable environmental management service.

AgriFutures Kangaroo Program provides RD&E to support a sustainable kangaroo industry with particular focus on enhancing the licence to operate and improved market demand.

The AgriFutures Kangaroo Program focuses on animal welfare, sustainability, communication and extension, nutritional value, food safety, and product value.

The Australian kangaroo industry currently harvests four species for commercial export:

  • Red Kangaroo
  • Eastern Grey Kangaroo
  • Western Grey
  • Common Wallaroo or Euro.

All four species are common and none are listed as threatened species.

The Australian kangaroo industry is highly regulated and operates under a quota system administered by state and federal governments that sets sustainable harvesting limits independent of industry demand.

Quotas represent the maximum number of kangaroos that can be harvested. The commercial harvest is significantly less than the approved quota, as the harvest is linked to market demand and the capacity of the industry to harvest the quota level. The percentage of the quota that is used varies between years. Since 2001, it has been averaging less than 65 per cent.

All ‘harvesters’ must be accredited and licensed by state agencies and must operate under strict hygiene and animal welfare Codes of Practice. Products derived from kangaroos include meat for human and pet food consumption and skins for leather products. Some skin and meat is used domestically, with the remainder exported to more than 55 countries. A large proportion of human consumption kangaroo meat is exported.


The AgriFutures Kangaroo Program is funded by the R&D component of the statutory macropod levy set at between 3c and 7c per carcasse, which is paid by industry participants.

View the AgriFutures Kangaroo Program income and expenditure for 2020-21 statement. 

AgriFutures Australia receives the research and development (R&D) levy allocation to invest in line with the industry objectives of the Program’s Strategic RD&E Plan. The Levy is collected and distributed via the Department of Agriculture. For more information, visit the Department of Agriculture Water and the Environment website.

AgriFutures Australia also receives Commonwealth matching funding based on 0.5% of the aggregate GVP of all AgriFutures Australia’s levied industries (Arena 3) or half of AgriFutures Australia’s eligible expenditure – whichever is the lesser. This includes expenditure in non-levied industries Arenas 1, 2 and 4 irrespective of their funding source.

AgriFutures Australia’s Board allocates the Commonwealth matching funding to each levied industry program. The respective programs will receive 50c per dollar of eligible expenditure (subject to availability of Commonwealth matching funding).

The total program budget comprises of the R&D levy allocation, Commonwealth matching funding (allocated by the AgriFutures Australia Board) and third party contributions (where appropriate).


Ellen Buckle

Senior Manager, Tea Tree Oil, Kangaroo, Deer, Buffalo and Goat Fibre

Related Publications


AgriFutures Kangaroo Program Strategic RD&E Plan (2021-2026)


Impact assessment of investment in the AgriFutures Kangaroo Program


National Code of Practice for the Humane Shooting of Kangaroos and Wallabies for Commercial Purposes


The development of a new code of practice for the commercial harvesting of kangaroos

Latest News and Events


Collaboration opens doors to “big picture” research

Adding value to the thousands of levy payers across our industries is a key driver for research, development and extension (RD&E) at AgriFutures Australia. Now more than ever, collaboration will drive the way we deliver research outcomes for farmers and producers, who often face similar issues across related industries and in their own-mixed farming enterprises. By John Smith, AgriFutures Australia, General Manager Research


Help us shape the future of Australian agriculture

We're inviting stakeholders across all our rural industries, programs and projects to participate in our Annual Stakeholder Survey.