Australia’s commercial kangaroo harvest industry is one of the most sustainable wild harvest operations in the world.

Through high-impact RD&E projects, the Kangaroo Program will achieve significant benefits to industry, including the fullest use of this sustainable resource and recognition by the Australian public that this is an essential and valuable environmental management service.

The key components for this RD&E plan are improving access to research reports or specifications useful to progressing the industry.

About the industry

The Australian kangaroo industry currently harvests four species for commercial export:

  • Red Kangaroo
  • Eastern Grey Kangaroo
  • Western Grey
  • Common Wallaroo or Euro.

All four species are common and none are listed as threatened species.

The Australian kangaroo industry is highly regulated and operates under a quota system administered by state and federal governments that sets sustainable harvesting limits independent of industry demand.

Quotas represent the maximum number of kangaroos that can be harvested. The commercial harvest is generally significantly less than the approved quota, as the harvest is linked to market demand and the capacity of the industry to harvest the quota level. The percentage of the quota that is used varies between years. Since 2001, it has been averaging less than 65%.

All ‘harvesters’ must be accredited and licensed by state agencies and must operate under strict hygiene and animal welfare Codes of Practice. Products derived from kangaroos include meat for human consumption and skins for leather products. Some skin and meat is used domestically, with the remainder exported to more than 55 countries.A large proportion of human consumption kangaroo meat is exported. GVP in 2014 was $174 million and represented a harvest of 3% of the total kangaroo population.


The macropod slaughter levy is collected per animal and is payable by processors. The Australian Government contributes half of program expenditure as program funds are expended. Australian Government contribution is capped at 0.5% of the Gross Value of Production.

The Levy is collected and distributed via the Department of Agriculture. For more information, visit the Department of Agriculture Water and the Environment website.

View the AgriFutures Kangaroo Program income and expenditure for 2018-19 statement.

RD&E plan

The industry RD&E plan focuses on five strategic areas:

  • Animal welfare – gathering scientific evidence to a standard sufficient to gain third-party endorsement for the industry’s animal welfare practices
  • Sustainability – compiling and sharing scientific evidence
  • Nutritional value – identifying benefits of kangaroo meat
  • Trade barriers and food safety – generating scientific data to satisfy regulators that gamma irradiation is a safe treatment for kangaroo meat, and demonstrate whole-of-chain safety of kangaroo meat
  • Product value – ensuring standards/specifications are made available to support eating quality assurance claims to consumers.

Project Reference Group

AgriFutures Australia has formed a Project Reference Group for the review of the ‘National code of practice for the humane shooting of kangaroos and wallabies for commercial purposes’:


Dr Mila Bristow
Senior Manager, Research
0417 425 351

Related Publications


Impact assessment of investment in the AgriFutures Kangaroo Program


National Code of Practice for the Humane Shooting of Kangaroos and Wallabies for Commercial Purposes


The development of a new code of practice for the commercial harvesting of kangaroos


The Australian kangaroo industry: male-only harvesting, sustainability and an assessment of animal welfare impacts

Latest News and Events


AgriFutures releases the 2020 code of practice for the commercial kangaroo industry

AgriFutures Australia is announcing the 2020 release of The National Code of Practice for the Humane Shooting of Kangaroos and Wallabies for Commercial Purposes (the Code) following a thorough and independent review to incorporate new animal welfare research, changes to harvesting strategies and public perception of the industry.


AgriFutures Australia welcomes new Senior Manager, Research – Dr Mila Bristow

AgriFutures Australia General Manager, Research John Smith has welcomed Dr Mila Bristow to the AgriFutures team based in Wagga Wagga, NSW as Senior Manager, Research.