Market and Production Potential for Australian Produced Propolis


Propolis is a resinous mixture that honey bees produce from saliva, beeswax and the exude of tree buds, sap flows and other botanical sources. It is used as a sealant for unwanted open spaces in the hive. Humans make use of the antimicrobial properties of propolis for wound treatment, cold sores, mouth ulcers, suppressing immune responses and, potentially, as an antidiabetic. Propolis has also been used in the manufacturing of musical strings and varnish, chewing gum and car polish. New Zealand has a propolis industry and it is understood that beekeepers on Kangaroo Island harvest Australian propolis. The product has enjoyed increased exposure on the back of demand for natural therapies and Dr Somerville, Technical Specialist Honey Bees, NSW DPI receives regular enquiry in relation to sourcing Australian propolis. Consequently, the purpose of this study is to better understand the market and the potential for profitable production of Australian produced propolis.


Honey Bee

Research Organisation

AgEconPlus Pty Ltd

Objective Summary

1. To understand the status of propolis production in Australia and New Zealand 2. To investigate the market for Australian produced propolis 3. To determine the potential for additional profitable Australian propolis production

Project Code


Project Stage


Project Start Date

Monday, July 9, 2018

Project Completion Date

Friday, May 31, 2019

Journal Articles From Project

Not Available

National Priority

Frontier technologies for building and transforming Australian industries

National Priority

Adoption of R&D

National Priority

HBE-Identify and develop technology for improved hive performance