Electrolyte supplementation to alleviate the adverse effects of severe heat stre

Summary

Modern broilers strains are highly susceptible to heat stress. The consequences are reduced performance, lower meat quality, poorer welfare and increased mortality. From a previous project some of these adverse effects are seen when the shed temperature is 2628 ⁰C. Using insulated tunnel ventilated sheds it is feasible to maintain a shed temperature 810 ⁰ lower than the outside ambient temperature. So, when the outside temperature is >36⁰C broilers are exposed to a shed temperature that causes heat stress. Climate change is going to increase summer temperatures in Australian broiler production regions and there is need for easily implemented strategies to limit the effects on broiler performance and welfare. The project will investigate the effect of water electrolyte supplementation when broilers are exposed to a temperature of 32 ⁰C (equivalent to an outside temperature of 40 ⁰C) during the last week of a 42 day production cycle. Three experiments are proposed, Experiments 1 and 2 would consist of 2 treatments 1. Control birds supplied with water only 2. Birds supplemented with electrolytes in water for the 7 d (exp 1) or 3 d (exp 2) of heat treatment before processing. The third experiment will be conducted in a commercial broiler shed using results from the controlled experiments. Bird performance (liveweight gain, feed efficiency), post processing meat quality and bird dehydration as a welfare measure will be determined. The third experiment will be conducted in a commercial broiler shed using results from the controlled experiments.

Program

Chicken Meat

Research Organisation

The University of Sydney

Objective Summary

The focus of the research is to extend earlier studies using supplementary electrolytes to alleviate the effects of heat stress on broiler performance and meat quality at processing. The specific objectives are: 1. Alleviate the effects of high temperature on broiler performance in the last week of the 42 day production period. 2. Improve carcass quality by limiting the effects of heat and transport stress on the rate of PSE (Pale Soft Exudative), changes in muscle pH and drip loss water loss post slaughter. 3. Improve broiler welfare by limiting the rate of dehydration during farm pickup, transport and lirage by maintaining intercellular and intracellular muscle water content.

Project Stage

Current

Project Start Date

Monday, July 16, 2018

Project Completion Date

Sunday, September 15, 2019

Journal Articles From Project

Not Available

National Priority

An environmentally sustainable Australia

National Priority

Adoption of R&D

National Priority

CME-Increase the productivity and efficiency of chicken meat production

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