Anticancer activity of tea tree oil

Summary

This study will consist of two parts, examining both invitro and invivo efficacy. Invitro, an MTT viability assay will evaluate cytotoxicity of cancer cells following treatment with TTO and its components; this also establishes a dose effective concentration range. Fluorescence microscopy using stains such as Hoechst or Annexin V coupled with propidium iodide will allow visualisation of cell death by apoptosis and necrosis; employing flow cytometry to quantify apoptosis/necrosis and to determine if cell cycle arrest is involved. Western blot analysis and/or PCR will then establish whether pro or antiapoptotic proteins such as Bax and Bcl2 are affected, and if apoptosis is caspase dependent or independent. Invivo analysis will involve growth of subcutaneous tumours in mice which are treated by topical application and direct injection into the tumour. Systemic delivery of the agents by intraperitoneal injection may also be investigated. This study will increase our understanding of tea tree oil’s anticancer properties, and should a potential anticancer agent be identified, is likely to stimulate further research into TTO and may lead to the development of a novel chemotherapeutic drug for cancer.

Program

Tea Tree Oil

Research Organisation

University of Western Australia

Objective Summary

1. To examine the invitro anticancer efficacy of TTO and its components against human cancer and normal cell lines by evaluating cytotoxicity, and induction of apoptosis and necrosis. Promising components found with in vitro testing will be further analysed. 2. Invivo testing of TTO and its components using mouse mesothelioma and mouse melanoma systems. This will involve growth of subcutaneous tumours in mice which are treated by topical application and direct injection into the tumour. Systemic delivery of the agents by intraperitoneal injection may also be investigated.

Project Code

PRJ-000009

Project Stage

Closed

Project Start Date

Friday, May 18, 2007

Project Completion Date

Friday, October 24, 2008

Journal Articles From Project

Not Available

National Priority

Promoting and maintaining good health

National Priority

Adoption of R&D

National Priority

TTO-Increasing demand

Contact

Related publications

29.06.10

Anticancer Activity of Tea Tree Oil