Chalk brood of honeybees (Apis mellifera) is caused by the fungus Ascosphaera apis. It was first diagnosed in Australia in 1993 and is now endemic in most areas of Australia. Although chalk brood is not usually fatal to honeybee colonies it can cause substantial production losses
The aim of this study was firstly to review the literature on chalk brood so as to distil into one document the various control measures that have been used to reduce the economic losses caused by this disease. Secondly, the aim was to identify areas that could be investigated so as to expedite the development of control strategies to minimise the economic losses caused by chalk brood.