Wheat is grown throughout the annual cropping regions of Australia which comprise south east Queensland, cropping regions of New South Wales, northern Victoria, south east South Australia and the wheat belt of Western Australia. Wheat grown in Western Australia is mostly exported while about 40% of crops grown in the eastern regions of Australia are used for domestic consumption and animal feed. The major export markets are in the Asian and Middle East regions, including Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Vietnam and Sudan.
Wheat quality classification grades grown in Australia include: Australian Prime Hard (APH), Australian Hard (AH); Australian Premium White (APW); Australian Standard White (ASW); Australian Soft (AS); and Australian Durum (ADR) with each of these classifications used for different products and end uses. Wheat is classified into these categories based on various factors including protein, grain size and moisture content.
Graingrowers and Grain Producers Australia are representative bodies for grain producers in Australia. Graingrowers is a national, member-based grain producer association. Grain Producers Australia is a not-for-profit, independent, national advocate for grain producers. There are also state based organisations.
The Grains Research and Development Corporation (GRDC) is responsible for planning, investing in and overseeing research development and extension (RD&E) across the Australian grains industry. A levy is applied to wheat production to provide funds for this RD&E.
Facts and figures
- The majority of Australian wheat is exported with major export markets being Asia, the Middle East, Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Vietnam and Sudan
- Australia has on average around 12 million hectares under production, of which up to 70% is exported
- Generally the west coast of Australia exports, while the east coast focuses on production for domestic consumption and feedstock
- Australian production is mainly in Western Australia, New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia and Victoria
The main producing areas are in Western Australia, New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria and Queensland.
The Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences reports production area for the states as follows:
- Western Australia – 5 million hectares
- New South Wales – 3.1 million hectares
- South Australia – 1.9 million hectares
- Victoria – 1.5 million hectares
- Queensland – 610 thousand hectares
- Tasmania – 7 thousand hectares